I photographed an adult Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus, the morning of Friday, January 13, 2012, while we were birding the Refugio de Vida Silvestre-Pantanos de Villa Marshes. Our ultimate goal for the day was the fishing village of Pucusana which is located 60 km south of Lima in southern Lima Province. The head and neck of this adult are unfeathered, and the tip of the bill is yellow. The Black Vulture locates its food by sight and may dominate the Turkey Vulture at a feeding site. Temperatures were in the upper 70's with partly cloudy skies and high humidity (typical for the area).

Model NIKON D7000
Orientation top, left side
X Resolution 1/300 inches
Y Resolution 1/300 inches
Resolution Unit Inches
Software ViewNX 2.0 W
Date/Time 2013:06:20 15:47:29
YCbCr Positioning Center of pixel array
Exposure Time 0.01 sec
F-Number F6.3
Exposure Program Program normal
ISO Speed Ratings 125
Exif Version 2.30
Date/Time Original 2012:01:13 09:48:48
Date/Time Digitized 2012:01:13 09:48:48
Components Configuration YCbCr
Exposure Bias Value 0
Max Aperture Value F6.3
Metering Mode Spot
Light Source Unknown
Flash Unknown (16)
Focal Length 420.0 mm
User Comment ASCII
Sub-Sec Time 10
Sub-Sec Time Original 10
Sub-Sec Time Digitized 10
FlashPix Version 1.00
Color Space Undefined
Exif Image Width 2747 pixels
Exif Image Height 3663 pixels
Sensing Method One-chip color area sensor
File Source Digital Still Camera (DSC)
Scene Type Directly photographed image
CFA Pattern
Compression JPEG compression
Thumbnail Offset 12414 bytes
Thumbnail Length 3775 bytes
Thumbnail Data [3775 bytes of thumbnail data]
GPS Version ID 2 2 2 2
generated by EXIF-O-Matic on 2013.6.29