This is a closeup shot of a juvenile Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus, that I took the morning of Friday, January 13, 2012, while we were birding the Refugio de Vida Silvestre-Pantanos de Villa Marshes. Our ultimate goal for the day was the fishing village of Pucusana which is located 60 km south of Lima in southern Lima Province. Lacking a syrinx (like other New World Vultures), the Black Vulture has very few vocalization capabilities, and these are limited to soft hisses and grunts. This bird's black heart-shaped face is framed by light brown down. Temperatures were in the upper 70's with partly cloudy skies and high humidity (typical for the area).

Model NIKON D7000
Orientation top, left side
X Resolution 1/300 inches
Y Resolution 1/300 inches
Resolution Unit Inches
Software ViewNX 2.0 W
Date/Time 2013:06:20 15:48:11
YCbCr Positioning Center of pixel array
Exposure Time 1/200 sec
F-Number F5
Exposure Program Program normal
ISO Speed Ratings 125
Exif Version 2.30
Date/Time Original 2012:01:13 09:49:36
Date/Time Digitized 2012:01:13 09:49:36
Components Configuration YCbCr
Exposure Bias Value 0
Max Aperture Value F5.1
Metering Mode Spot
Light Source Unknown
Flash Unknown (16)
Focal Length 95.0 mm
User Comment ASCII
Sub-Sec Time 30
Sub-Sec Time Original 30
Sub-Sec Time Digitized 30
FlashPix Version 1.00
Color Space Undefined
Exif Image Width 984 pixels
Exif Image Height 738 pixels
Sensing Method One-chip color area sensor
File Source Digital Still Camera (DSC)
Scene Type Directly photographed image
CFA Pattern
Compression JPEG compression
Thumbnail Offset 12456 bytes
Thumbnail Length 3150 bytes
Thumbnail Data [3150 bytes of thumbnail data]
GPS Version ID 2 2 2 2
generated by EXIF-O-Matic on 2013.6.29